Pebble Mine


Listen to our Senators’ recent comments on Pebble:

Congressional Directive to the Corps of Engineers

Pebble Permitting Analysis Tools

Debunking PLP’s Comparisons

Read BBNC’s Pebble Permitting Letters and Comments on the Draft EIS

“In order to best protect the land of Bristol Bay and the way of life for current and futuregenerations of BBNC shareholders, BBNC must do its part to protect the sustainable natural resources of our region. Development of the Pebble Mine would threaten the Bristol Bay fishery and the world-class salmon run which has served as the heart of our subsistence lifestyle, supporting our people for generations. BBNC’s firm opposition to Pebble is consistent with the values of cultural and economic sustainability to which we hold ourselves.” – BBNC Chairman Joe Chythlook

“BBNC does not otherwise oppose mining development. Pebble Mine is simply different. In any configuration, the mine is too big and will be located in too important of a location. It poses unacceptable risks to the salmon resource and consequently, the subsistence lifestyle and economic interests of our shareholders.” –Jason Metrokin, President & CEO, BBNC


Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (ANCSA)

BBNC was formed as a direct result of the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act. Signed into law in 1971, ANCSA resolved aboriginal land claims and promoted economic development for Alaska Native communities. Land title was transferred to 12 for-profit Alaska Native regional corporations and well over 200 local village corporations.

BBNC’s portfolio of companies is diverse and strong, allowing us to return consistent distributions to our shareholders. We support responsible resource development, in both Bristol Bay and abroad. BBNC employs over 4,000 employees nationwide, with over 1,500 located in Alaska. As of 2018, over 200 of our employees were shareholder hires.

BBNC is committed to enhancing the economic, social, and educational well-being of our 10,300 shareholders living in Alaska and the lower 48. They have spoken loudly and clearly in their opposition to Pebble Mine Learn more about our values and goals.

A Place That’s Always Been

BBNC serves 31 villages and has stewardship over roughly three million acres of subsurface and 116,000 acres of surface land across Bristol Bay, including in potential transportation corridors for Pebble Mine.

Bristol Bay is home to the world’s largest wild sockeye salmon fishery. Alone, it accounts for nearly half the wild sockeye that is sold worldwide, tens of thousands of American jobs and over $1.2 billion in economic activity. It is also the ancestral home of BBNC’s shareholders and descendants, who depend on the fisheries for their economic livelihoods and subsistence way of life.

Pebble Mine

Pebble Limited Partnership (PLP) holds hundreds of mining claims covering thousands of acres of State of Alaska owned lands. The claims include the Pebble deposit which includes large but low concentrations of gold, copper, and molybdenum (an element used to strengthen steel). PLP’s proposed Pebble mine has been the subject of intense debate in both Alaska and the lower 48 for over a decade. If fully developed, Pebble could be one of the largest open-pit mines in North America. Despite its potential value, four major international mining companies have invested in and later exited the project, one taking a $500 million loss in the process.

Guided by our Native way of life and driven by our people, both those who came before and those who will follow, BBNC joins the vast majority of Bristol Bay residents in opposing the Pebble Mine. Since 2012, more than 2.5 million comments have asked the EPA to protect Bristol Bay from the potential risks posed by mining the Pebble deposit. In fact, when polled, Alaskans have consistently voiced opposition to the development of Pebble Mine.


The proposed mine has the potential to significantly harm the hydrologically interconnected lakes, rivers and wetlands around Bristol Bay where salmon return each year to spawn. Jeopardizing our fisheries means jeopardizing our livelihoods, and stands in stark contrast with our “Fish First” priority.

“Unacceptable Adverse Impacts”

At the request of Alaska Native tribes and other stakeholders, including BBNC, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) conducted what is commonly referred to as the Bristol Bay Watershed Assessment. The goal was to better understand the impacts this large-scale mine would have on the aquatic, economic, and cultural resources of Bristol Bay. In 2014, the three-year, science-based report concluded that Pebble Mine would have the “unacceptable adverse impacts” that the Clean Water Act seeks to prohibit. Due to these concerns, the EPA began the process of putting proactive restrictions on mining the Pebble deposit.

Read the bristol bay watershed assessment

Local Opposition

BBNC is joined in opposition to this project by a host of other organizations. The coalition opposed to Pebble includes commercial fishermen, sport fish lodges and enthusiasts, non-profits and religious organizations. This opposition also includes thousands of Bristol Bay residents who worry about the impacts this mine will cause their communities, subsistence and way of life.

Former EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt expressed concerns with Pebble Mine, stating “it is my judgment at this time that any mining projects in the [Bristol Bay] region likely pose a risk to the abundant natural resources that exist there.”

Despite overwhelming evidence of the unacceptable risks posed by large-scale mining in Bristol Bay, PLP continues to push the project forward. In December of 2017, the company applied to the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers for a Clean Water Act “dredge and fill” permit. Yet, PLP has not applied for any other state or federal permits necessary for mine development. The Corps has targeted a final Clean Water Act permit decision in mid-2020 and has released its over 1,500-page Draft Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) detailing the impacts and potential alternatives of Pebble Mine. State and federal agencies that commented on the Draft EIS found it lacked critical data and analysis and, in many respects, failed to meet the threshold standards under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA). Many of these comments expert comments are posted above under “Cooperating Agency Concerns with EIS.” The Corps has nevertheless charged ahead and produced a Preliminary Final EIS that it shared with cooperating agencies in February 2020.  The cooperating state, federal and tribal cooperating agencies were equally critical of this document, finding that the Corps failed to correct many of the deficiencies noted in the Draft EIS.  These comments on the Preliminary Final EIS are posted above under “Expert Agency Critique of Preliminary Final EIS.”

This is an aggressive timeline particularly for a mine constructed in a sensitive ecosystem and that will require a unique power source, transportation infrastructure, wastewater treatment, and perpetual waste storage; notably, PLP has yet to finalize plans for most of these major components, nor has it conducted an economic analysis to determine the financial feasibility of the project. Despite its most recent attempts at selling the mine to the general public, PLP has yet to answer basic questions about its plans for Pebble Mine.

Proposed PLP Timeline

PLP does not have BBNC’s permission to trespass our subsurface lands or utilize our subsurface resources for the construction of a transportation corridor anywhere around Lake Iliamna. In addition, Pedro Bay Corporation, which owns the surface lands on the eastside of Lake Iliamna that would be needed for any northern transportation corridor for the mine, has reiterated its opposition to Pebble Mine.



BBNC Pebble Survey Results Newsletter – July 10, 2019

BBNC Letter to PLP – Dec. 7, 2018

BBNC Letter to PLP – Dec. 21, 2018

Bristol Bay Leaders Express Concerns about the Permitting Process

Bristol Bay Leaders Request Extension to DEIS Comment Period

Bristol Bay Leaders Urge Financial Backers to Leave Pebble

BBNC Letter to Corps on National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA) Process – August 5, 2019